Tag Archives: the threat

Review: in canadian law, “terrorism” seems to be the hardest word – and he’s going to get harder | Instant News


The police officer standing near fence outside Rideau Hall in Ottawa on July 2, 2020.

Adrian Wild/The Canadian Press

Leah West, a former national security lawyer with the Ministry of justice. She teaches national security law and terrorism at the school of international relations, Norman Paterson at Carleton University.

July 2, Corey Hurren allegedly rammed his truck into the gates to Rideau Hall and, with a loaded weapon, advancing on the area where both the Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Payette Governor-General Julie reside with their families.

The RCMP quickly caught Mr Hurren. It is reported that he threatened Prime Minister, but never picks up a weapon in the two hours between leaving his vehicle and his arrest. In his truck, RCMP said that the discovered additional firearms and a two-page note of apology for undefined actions it is going to take. Specialized unit for combating terrorism Forces, national security, law enforcement team continues to investigate, while further reporting paints a picture of a man with grievances and interest in online anti-government conspiracy theories.

Story continues below advertisement

And he only was charged with numerous firearms offences and uttering threats – and not to the shock of some, terrorism.

In Canada, a terrorist activity is specifically defined in the Criminal code, and Mr. Hurren in the face of such charges, the RCMP and Federal prosecutors must believe that there is enough evidence to convince the judge or jury beyond a reasonable doubt of three things. First, that Mr. Hurren with the intent to endanger the lives of others; second, that his actions were meant to force Mr. Trudeau to do or not to do something; and third, that he was summoned to take these actions in whole or in part, for political or ideological reasons.

This definition creates a high bar, and rightly so. The stigma and consequences that arise from condemnation of terrorism is much broader than just imprisonment.

Not least, “I know it when I see it” approach to defining terrorism is dangerous. Description the President of the United States Donald trump of Antifa and anti-racist protesters as “terrorists” shows how powerful can quickly expand this label to discredit and criminalize their critics.

However, the canadian government has historically been much faster, “know and see” terrorism, when the motives of the person similar to the “al-Qaeda” or “Islamic state”. There’s a reason for that: the Parliament added the offences of terrorism and related law enforcement powers in the criminal code in response to the attacks on Sept. 11, 2001. Later amendments were prepared to the 2014 attack on Parliament hill and in Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, QC., and the phenomenon of foreign fighters. This story is why terrorist offences to align neatly with the behavior and methods used by the adherents of the violent jihadist extremism; indeed, 56 of 58 people charged with terrorism offences in Canada since 2001 were linked to Islamic extremism.

In one sense, this statistic is cause for concern. In recent years, fatal cases – such as Toronto van of the attack, which killed 10 and Quebec mosque shooting that left six dead – not lead to terrorism charges, even if the defendant meets the definition is so clear that even the canadian security intelligence service (CSIS) refers to the events as such. However, it also reflects the instinct of Canadians to do to eliminate political discontent in a democratic and peaceful way, not through violence. As a consequence, acts of civil disobedience, when they occur, are rarely life threatening. But the alleged actions of Mr. Hurren can mean a dangerous shift in the political and Canada’s national security landscape.

Indeed, economic and political measures to combat the pandemic even more strengthened the conspiracy-theory groups, such as QAnon who prey on the legitimate grievances of the people and fears. As Canadians are faced with increasing personal strain, these theories threaten to damage the perception people reality and lead them to violent action.

Story continues below advertisement

This new threat presents a number of challenges to the security of Canada. For starters, they have to decide whether violence on the grounds of QAnon-type conspiracy theory is terrorism. CSIS may only investigate terrorism, and a preventive criminal and administrative tools are only available if linked to terrorist activities. If these resources can be deployed, it will require time and resources to re-equip them to meet this new threat. Perhaps the most difficult task will be how the Agency will determine who poses a real threat; conducting a conspiratorial view of government or resentment is not a crime, and this is clearly linked to any specific demographic or region in Canada.

Reducing the threat, what we call it, ultimately, require the participation of wide layers of the population: a challenge to the fears and stories at the heart of these conspiracy theories, and providing education on how to identify persons who may be radicaliser to violence. It may seem easy to dismiss such of the Canadians as psychos, outcasts. But to be offended – and removing them will only further strengthen the institutional mistrust that the core of the problem.

Keep your view sharp and aware. Get newsletter opinion. Sign up today.

.



image source

Heat Advisory remains in effect; more heat and humidity today | weather | Instant News


Springfield, mA (WGGB/WSHM) — the heat and humidity will continue today with another Scorcher expected! This is the warmest morning of the summer so far with temperatures ranging from 70-ies, and we will be back in the ‘ 90s times in the day with heat indices between 97-103 degrees.

Warm Tips remain in effect for the Central and Eastern parts of Hampden, Hampshire and Franklin County until 8 PM. In addition to the Air Quality to unhealthy levels of ground-level ozone remain in force for all in the County of Hampden and Central and East Hampshire County until 11 PM tonight.

We may see a few showers this morning, then a weak front will bring in this day an isolated shower or thunderstorm, but most will stay dry during the day. Best chance to see the storm will be Springfield and points East as the front will be a bit more active in Eastern Massachusetts that day.

The front will bring a little relief tomorrow. It will be a little less humid, but still warm tomorrow with highs in the upper 80’s to nearly 90. There is a chance for showers and thunderstorms Wednesday and Thursday with highs in the mid to upper 80’s. Drier air should move in the end of the week to go to next weekend.

Copyright 2019 Western Mass (Meredith Corporation). All rights reserved.

.



image source

The threat that refuses to go away | Instant News


Recent allegations of sexual harassment that have emerged in schools and universities in Lahore, should not surprise anyone. We’ve been here before and we will be back again. Without institutions taking responsibility for the development of strategies and training in the field, and without wider public thinking about our unwillingness to talk about oppression, we’re bound to repeat these patterns.

At the end of 2019, students in University of Balochistan spoke about being recorded by surveillance cameras in private spaces on campus and is being blackmailed over it. The FIA conducted an investigation, and although it seems nobody was charged, the Vice-Chancellor of the University, resigned. However, he was quickly hired by a private University in Lahore.

Just this month, students at lums in Lahore bravely spoke out against the conduct of men on campus that they were incapable of making before the Committee the University’s sexual harassment.

What is it about sexual harassment that refuses to leave? It can be found in educational institutions, public and private, in every part of the country. It POPs up in workplaces and sports clubs. Sexual harassment is everywhere. The mind panics, and, one is inclined to gender segregation and surveillance throughout the campus as a solution to this threat. But these solutions are already part of University life and didn’t alleviate the problem.

Education Minister Punjab, Dr. Murad RAAS was among many to suggest that men were not allowed to teach in the women’s campuses as a solution to this problem. But this is hardly a solution. Essentially, this means that men cannot control themselves around women and girls, the consequences we should all find offensive. It is also the perfect solution for a world where everything is mixed the sexes in offices and public spaces. The proposal also ignores the fact that sexual harassment and sexual violence are widespread in educational institutions for boys. Approach that teaches all of us to respect differences and personal space will serve us better.

Another knee to the decision of the school and with parents ‘ increased use of cameras on campus. This is an expensive solution which may not be reproduced in public schools. Cameras are very sensitive to copying or leakage, as it was in the safe of the power of the Lahore city in the past. Our private lives and property of our own body is very important for us and we need to be careful about the normalization of the idea to sacrifice it for the illusion of safety.

Some suggestions for clothing on the campuses of universities and schools have been put forward. Proponents of this approach forget that dress code and the distancing between the sexes is already assigned to public and private universities. No coating protects women who are victims of attacks and harassment in public places, as women are acutely aware.

All of these solutions are short-sighted and wrong. Their supporters forget that what gives rise to sexual harassment of the authorities, supported by the culture of silence. Decades of feminist research has established that sexual harassment counts on the victim cornered in line, because the power of the tyrants hold over her—he’s her teacher, evaluation of her studies, Professor, who directs her thesis, Department head, signed by its academic documents, campus security Director, which nobody can question and who has access to the security cameras. At least the culprit is a man whose word is always believed over that of a woman. Women’s authority depends on its moral character, being absolutely without a doubt.

This difference in power is compounded by the culture of silence. Our ideas of shame is hard to talk about anything of a sexual nature, including unwanted sexual advances. All teachers understand that the word “sex” even in the framework of sexual harassment attention is not welcome in Pakistan society. School girls, women in the University and for working women always prefer to combat sexual harassment on their own, or just ignore it, not their parents know about it. They fear that they will be blamed for inviting such behavior, or at least to have their mobility curtailed under the pretext of greater security for them. Our cultural silence around private Affairs are unable to distinguish between right and compulsion to actions of sexual interaction.

To address this power differential, we must introduce a curriculum in schools, educates children about overcoming this shame how to identify and combat sexual harassment. We need reliable, well-trained and independent sexual harassment committees in schools and universities, efforts which are already underway. Companies must ensure that their committees are transparent and independent, and not only occupied the administration that students cannot be trusted.

Students, in turn, should have the opportunity to speak. Training on harassment is one way to do it. But they do not reach the students feel safe in numbers, the ability to appeal against a popular teacher. This comes with a tough and independent student government and student associations in the University. The activity of online censorship of students as some schools have already begun to do, has the opposite effect and will only silence reporting of sexual harassment further.

As a society, we need to have an honest conversation about how we perpetuate this culture of silence. The taboo on sex is necessary to overcome the idea of consent and ownership, control and protection of the body must be strengthened. In the post-Kasur, Pakistan, we were exhausted from sexual violence, despite increased penalties and the introduction of new laws. Now, it is our duty to refer to social rather than purely legal solutions, and we are obliged again to repeat these errors.

Hiba Akbar

The writer is a teaching fellow Sheikh Ahmad Hassan School of law, lums.

.



image source