Campaigners have urged one of Italy’s leading dictionaries to remove dozens of categorical synonyms for women, including some for sex workers.
More than 100 leading academics, writers and politicians have written an open letter accusing Treccani’s online dictionary of sexism, saying that the synonyms listed under the word “male” are broadly positive.
They argue that terms with negative connotations such as “puttana” (prostitute) and “cagna” (bitch) should be discarded as “not only offensive but … reinforcing negative and misogynistic stereotypes that tear women down and present them as lesser beings”.
The signatories to the letter added: “This is dangerous because language shapes reality and influences the way women are viewed and treated.”
The letter, published in the daily newspaper La Repubblica ahead of International Women’s Day, comes after a similar campaign forced the Oxford English dictionary to change its definition last year.
The famous English dictionary has been criticized for including terms such as “bitch”, “bird” and “bint” which have similar meanings to “woman”.
Maria Beatrice Giovanardi, the equality activist who launched both campaigns, said Treccani’s definition was even more offensive, as it included 30 different terms to describe a sex worker.
“These words are in no way synonymous with the word ‘woman’. They could be offensive synonyms of the word ‘sex worker’, but not ‘woman’,” he said.
Ms Giovanardi, an Italian national living in the UK, added: “It’s really a struggle to find anything positive in that definition, it’s very outdated.”
Among the synonyms listed under the definition of male are “uomo d’amore” (businessman) “uomo di cuore” (man at heart) and “uomo d’integno” (man of genius), he said.
Ms Giovanardi said she hoped the letter, whose signatories to include Laura Boldrini, the former chair of the Italian deputy chamber, and novelist Michela Murgia, would be delivered soon. public debate about sexism, which he describes as an “everyday problem” in Italy.
But Treccani’s Italian vocabulary director, Valeria Della Valle, said the role of the dictionary was to include words that some might find offensive.
“Not by lighting a bonfire … to burn off words that offend us, we will be able to maintain our image and role (as women),” wrote Della Valle in response to the open letter.
He said dictionaries must include even “the most disgusting and out of date expressions” while at the same time labeling them as prejudiced or coming from old views and no longer acceptable.
Young women from across the country with strikingly similar reports of harassment and harassment at work at one of America’s largest and most iconic fast food chains: McDonald’s:
“He would comment on my body, and the bodies of other workers, saying, like, ‘I’m going to have sex with you, I’m not going to have sex with him,'” says Emily Anibal.
“First she was like, ‘You have great hair,’ started touching my hair,” said Jamelia Fairley. “Then she was like, physical; then she really started clutching my ass.”
Kat Barber said, “Any woman he can handle or be with, he takes advantage of the moment.”
Kimberly Lawson said, “It made me feel isolated. I thought I was the only one going on right now, you know what I was saying? So I just felt, like, really alone.”
Lawson, Fairley, Barber and Anibal have all filed discrimination charges or filed suit against McDonald’s company restaurants or franchises they independently own. Each told a story of ongoing and unwanted harassment from male coworkers.
Barber said, “The tongs we use to make food, he’s going to use them to, like, grab my breasts.”
“48 Hours” correspondent Erin Moriarty asks, “Did she do that when it was just the two of you, or did other people see this happen?”
“He’s not trying to hide it at all,” he replied. “It’s in front of everyone.”
Gillian Thomas, a senior attorney at the American Civil Liberties Union, said, “It’s hard to believe that, in this day and age, that is still happening so horribly, this is out in the open.”
Thomas said hundreds of female employees had been subjected to sexual harassment at McDonald’s restaurants, as described in as many as 100 lawsuits and allegations of discrimination.
“Another part that was very surprising at McDonald’s, which, of course, billed itself as America’s best first job, was how young the victims were – 15, 16, 17 years,” said Thomas.
“You’re not saying this only happens at McDonald’s?” Moriarty asked.
“Oh, far from it. The food service industry in general is one of the worst for sexual harassment claims.”
Last year, in a survey of nearly 800 female workers at McDonald’s restaurants and franchises, three-quarters said they were being harassed at work. In the same survey, conducted by trade unions, the majority (71%) said they had suffered the consequences for reporting such behavior.
But a company spokesman denied the findings, saying the sample size was too small, and “inconsistent with what we see at McDonald’s restaurants.”
However, there are stories like Jamelia Fairley. She told Moriarty that, after she reported the harassment, “they gave me 11 hours to 15 hours. And I can’t work those hours; it’s not enough, it doesn’t help me maintain my place.”
In late 2018, Fairley, then 24 and a single mother, was working at a company-owned McDonalds in Florida when, she said, a new co-worker started making lewd, touching comments.
“When he first touched me, I told him to take care of his own hands, like ‘Don’t touch me,'” she said.
“And what was his reaction when you said that?” Moriarty asked.
“He thought it was a joke.”
“Did anyone else see this happen?”
“Yes,” Fairley replied, “and he did it to other women at McDonald’s too. I’m not the only one.”
Fairley reported the behavior to his supervisor and general manager, however, he said, it didn’t end the offensive behavior: “It got even worse, to the point where he pushed me, like, he pulled me to his crotch. The manager was standing there watching him, like , and they didn’t do anything. “
She ended up being transferred to another shop, she said, but not until Fairley reported another incident with a different co-worker: “This particular comment, she, was, like, really pissed me off. … She had asked me how much it cost. had sex with my daughter at the time, and she was only one year old. ”
The employee was fired. Fairley stayed behind. She said she needed the job, “so I can provide a roof over her head.”
In a company video, McDonald’s new CEO, Chris Kempczinski, says the company wants to be a leader when it comes to values: “That’s why now is the perfect time to have this conversation … We’re doing the right thing for the right reasons. I like that phrase because it touches you in the stomach. Everyone knows what it means to do the right thing. “
At the end of 2019, the company issued an extensive new policy to address sexual harassment at its company stores. But 95% of McDonald’s are independently owned franchises, and there the policy is only a “resource” – not a requirement.
And here’s how some of the previous employees described the sexual harassment training they received:
Kimberly Lawson, who worked at the McDonald’s franchise in Kansas City in 2017 and 2018: “My orientation is a woman, she’s sitting across from me. She has a pile of papers. She said, ‘Here, we’ll get to this very quickly. I want you to. sign and date everything so we can work this out. ‘”
Moriarty asked, “Do you know if you signed anything that included a policy regarding complaints such as sexual harassment, and what would you do if you found it?”
“I don’t know,” Lawson replied.
We hear the same stories over and over.
Fairley said, “I was never taught that at all.”
Emily Anibal said, “I don’t remember any training on that, or hearing about it.”
Kat Barber said, “There’s a page in the policy book I signed, but no, you know, read it with me.”
Gillian Thomas of the ACLU said, “So policies that are on a piece of paper, stuck in a handbook that never actually apply in a work environment, are pointless.”
That’s how a worker at a McDonald’s franchise in Mason, Michigan was able to harass a colleague there for years.
Eve Cervantez, the employment attorney who sued McDonald’s and franchises, said, “This is a case where there was a chain harasser, a chain predator. He harassed, you know, every woman who was there, basically.”
Anibal was 17 when he started working at McDonald’s in April 2016, and met Shawn Banks, a shift manager.
Moriarty asked, “How often does he comment or touch someone?”
“Almost every shift, for most of the shift,” answered Anibal.
“Do you think you should just endure it?”
“Yeah, that’s the kind of environment I think the restaurant was built in, is, ‘This is normal. And if you don’t like it, then you can leave.'”
He finally left, in the spring of 2017.Five months later, when Barber (then 18) started working there, Banks was stillA Manager.
He said to Moriarty, “He used to call me ‘bitch,’ slut, ” ugly. ‘I was’ fat,’ I told him to stop.”
“And what is he?”
“No,” said Barber. “If anything, it will make it last longer.”
Barber said he reported the behavior to the general manager: “I would normally laugh, [or] was told that I was being dramatic. ”
In September 2018, he also quit his job.
Moriarty asked, “In the end, what made you leave?”
“It’s too much to see not only other people being sexually harassed, but also getting myself sexually harassed,” said Barber. “It had such a huge impact on my life personally. Even when I was looking for a new job, I was worried whether someone at work would harass me sexually.”
Shawn Banks did not respond to a request for a CBS News interview. The franchisor, through a lawyer, refused to answer written questions.
Moriarty asked Eve’s lawyer Cervantez, “Isn’t it just a matter of one bad apple?”
“It’s really not about one bad apple. The problem is not only that you have a harasser; you have a harper that doesn’t stop.”
After Anibal and Barber – along with several other women – filed a lawsuit, the franchisor sold the shop.
Moriarty said, “McDonald’s could say, ‘How can we monitor the environment at each of these McDonald’s?'”
“First of all, McDonald’s really exerted a lot of control over its franchise,” Cervantez replied. “You go to McDonald’s anywhere in the country, they manage to have exactly the same hamburger and fries. So they actually have a lot of control. So the McDonald’s company can definitely train these general managers about sexual harassment and how to deal with it.”
In a statement to CBS News, McDonald’s said that it “provides training … for franchisees” … and has “provided a hotline for all franchisees to provide to their employees.”
If McDonald’s were responsible for the cases brought by these women, the damages might not be large; none of them make more than $ 14 per hour.
But in a job that some consider unimportant, Jamelia Fairley says she’s finally seen and hear.
Moriarty asked, “Do you sometimes regret complaining?”
“No, I don’t regret complaining at all,” Fairley replied. “I feel like I’m defending myself. I’m defending my daughter. I’m defending other women she’s bullied. I feel like I’m making a difference.”
For more information:
Story produced by Sari Aviv. Editor: George Pozderec.
“I went to Marilyn Manson’s house when I was a teenager with some friends. I was a huge fan. She called a room in her house the ‘r * pe room’, I thought it was just her fraternal feeling of terrible humor. Me. stop being a fan. I support everyone who comes forward, “tweet Bridgers.
He has also criticized the music labels and management who are now distancing themselves from Manson.
“Labels know, management knows, bands know. To distance themselves now, feigning shock and horror is very sad,” Bridgers tweeted further.
His claim came after several allegations of sexual harassment emerged against Manson, including one by his ex-fiancé Evan Rachel Wood who said the rock musician had treated and abused him.
Marilyn Manson also took to her social media and denied all claims. She released a statement that read, “Obviously, art and my life have long been magnets for controversy, but recent claims about me are a terrible distortion of reality. My intimate relationships have always been completely consensual with like-minded partners. Regardless of how it is. – and why – other people now choose to misrepresent the past, that is the truth. “
So I’m willing to bet that my idea of vacation is pretty similar to yours. Before I got married it was the beach, golf and clubbing. After the wedding it was the beach, sightseeing and the shopping and being a typical tourist. Not so much clubbing. After having kids it was the beach and lots of Splash Mountain and Space Mountain, perfect for a guy who is afraid of heights and speed but loves his kids. The only constant besides being near the water, not no matter what type of trip or with whom, that was always that – a good dinner Not just a good dinner, but a good dinner I’m not a gourmet, but a part of my vacation is a long, slow, delicious dinner at a restaurant that I probably haven’t visited and may never come back to. See, for me, food is part of the allure of the trip. And we haven’t thought long enough about the plight of restaurants during this pandemic. Airlines and other travel industries have certainly benefited from the two stimulus packages passed by the federal government, and restaurants – ostensibly – should have. also enjoy it. Payroll Protection Program (PPP) loans. But the second package passed just after Christmas for $ 900 billion, including $ 284 billion in PPP loans, did not specifically deal with restaurant relief, which is why we need the Senate to approve the $ 120 billion bill. dollars on RESTAURANTS (Real Economic Support That Acknowledges Unique Restaurant Assistance Needed To Survive Act). The bill would help restaurants, bars, cafes and other physical businesses, as well as caterers. This is different from PPP loans which, as we have seen, were not exactly distributed evenly. Originally aimed at small businesses and minority-owned businesses, we have seen large corporations and chains able to seize the opportunity before the mommy-and-pop joints. this country since the pandemic hit almost a year ago, and who knows how many in the world. According to data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, restaurants lost 17,400 jobs in November alone, representing a total of 2.1 million jobs in the industry over the past year. amount that restaurateurs can borrow, up to 3.5 times the monthly payroll. . Companies would then have between eight and 24 weeks to use the funds to qualify for the loan forgiveness. Why the Senate is dragging its heels on this is unknown. But I can tell you a lot of politicians are still having dinner. at Dabney in Washington DC, or pick up pastries in the morning at Elle. Because this is what we do, whether we are at home or as a tourist, visiting a famous or well known or highly regarded restaurant is part of the tourist experience. When I’m in my dear Las Vegas, I never miss a chance to go to Chicago Joe’s, the best Italian restaurant in a city filled with famous chefs. Visiting the Yankees’ spring training in Tampa, Fla. A few years ago, I looked forward to going to Bern’s Steakhouse – a decadent and expensive experience, but worthy. To this day, I swear that if my car was in the store and public transportation was closed for some reason, I would always crawl on my hands and knees over broken glass just to get to the Peter Luger Steakhouse in Brooklyn. . t even get into what the “foodies” do when they literally organize trips to faraway places just to eat food. Yes, restaurants are really part of tourism. Our government must treat it as such. .
SAME Web table – Posted: Jan 27, 2021 | Last Updated: 4 hours ago
Posted: 27 Jan 2021 | Last Updated: 4 hours ago
Here are some of the stories we’re going to follow today [Wednesday]: University students across the country are on the street to protest against the exam in person. On Tuesday, protesters broke into Central Punjab University and fought with guards. Many students were injured. The European Parliament has been paying attention to the DisInfo Lab report on Indian propaganda against Pakistan. Prime Minister Imran Khan has called the Parliament meeting. It will discuss economic issues, PDM demonstrations and Senate elections. The federal cabinet has approved the creation of a committee to investigate the leaflet controversy. Prime Minister Imran Khan told cabinet members that only Hakim (retired) Azmat Saeed would investigate the matter. Video of a five-year-old driving a car in Multan has gone viral on social media. The police are watching him. The Trial Match between Pakistan and South Africa continues for the second day at the Karachi National Stadium. A Malaysian court will hear the case of the PIA plane detained in the country earlier this month. According to national carriers, a $ 7 million payment was made. The Economic Coordination Committee meeting will be chaired by Finance Minister Hafeez Shaikh. Today’s Mehndi Bakhtawar Bhutto Zardari is at Bilawal House
Here are some of the stories we’re going to follow today [Wednesday]:
University students across the country are on the streets protesting against the exam in person. On Tuesday, protesters broke into Central Punjab University and fought with guards. Many students were injured.
The European Parliament has been paying attention to the DisInfo Lab report on Indian propaganda against Pakistan.
Prime Minister Imran Khan has called the Parliament meeting. It will discuss economic issues, PDM demonstrations and Senate elections.
The federal cabinet has approved the creation of a committee to investigate the leaflet controversy. Prime Minister Imran Khan told cabinet members that only Hakim (retired) Azmat Saeed would investigate the matter.
Video of a five-year-old driving a car in Multan has gone viral on social media. The police are watching him.
The Trial Match between Pakistan and South Africa continues for the second day at the Karachi National Stadium.
A Malaysian court will hear the case of the PIA plane detained in the country earlier this month. According to national carriers, a $ 7 million payment was made.
The Economic Coordination Committee meeting will be chaired by Finance Minister Hafeez Shaikh.
Today’s Mehndi Bakhtawar Bhutto Zardari is at Bilawal House
student, student in pakistan, online exam, pakistan online class, university of pakistan, imran khan, prime minister imran khan, parliament meeting, test match, south africa and pakistan, pia,