Tag Archives: Waste

New Zealand clothing brand aims to be completely plastic free by 2023 | Instant News

Last year, an Auckland-based outdoor brand Icebreaker sponsored by ultra French swimmers Ben lecomte to swim across the Pacific from Hawaii to San Francisco via the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. He swims 350 nautical miles during the summer. The goal is simple: swim and collect plastic samples.

Working with a scientific support crew, he was able to further explain a growing problem: plastics are everywhere in our system. Through his entire swimming stretch from Hawaii to the California Coast, he and his crew collected more than 45,000 microplastics. From tiny fragments of plastic to toilet seats to hidden microplastics, they reveal the severity of plastic pollution in our oceans.

This is why Icebreaker, a New Zealand brand founded in 1995, and known for its wool-based collections, is committed to becoming completely plastic free by 2023. For outdoor brands that value performance and sustainability in their clothing, Opting out of synthetic fibers fully environmentally friendly and biodegradable options can be a challenge. Can they do it?

I spoke with Alistair Smith, Director of Global Product Design at Icebreaker, to learn about the process of removing synthetic materials from their collections, and the obstacles they face on this mission to become plastic free.

Chhabra: Why 2023?

Smith: We decided to set plastic-free materials by 2023 as our own goal around the beginning of this year (2020). As you can imagine, the wider apparel industry is a big, slow-moving machine at times. We know that this bold goal cannot be achieved overnight. As we planned projects, we realized that this was not just a case of swapping materials for alternatives.

For some common fibers, such as elastane (which provides stretch), there is no other 100% natural fiber alternative there is which can provide the same ‘off-the-shelf’ performance. So, knowing we were going to build some solutions from scratch, we set 2023 as an optimistic target. We work from chemicals, yarns, fabrics, products, which takes time to get it right, but is the right approach.

Chhabra: How far is the company now on this journey?

Smith: We’re making good progress, but there are still interesting challenges to solve. We started from a very nice place. Our product range is already 87% natural fiber from a material point of view.

We’ve taken some bold and difficult decisions to bring us closer to our goal. For example, we removed 59 ‘synthetic weight’ styles from our range which would have a retail value of US $ 7.9 million.

A big, bold choice, but we know the product doesn’t fit our brand goals and our plastic-free materials by 2023 goal. We are currently working on our 2022 product and are making major progress towards approaching 100% natural fiber.

Chhabra: What was the hardest part of this trip?

Smith: This is a product and material innovation. When it comes to maintaining stretch and recovery, finding a 100% natural fiber solution for elastane has been an exciting journey. It doesn’t exist at the moment. This is a growing area in yarn innovation.

There is a new bio-based synthetic solution where part of the chemical component of elastane can be produced from renewable natural sources, not from oil. But it is a medium term solution, ‘better not perfect’ because it may be 40% or 60% natural. They are definitely better than today’s oil-based synthetic yarns, but our goal remains 100% natural fibers. Staying true to this vision helps us go beyond our comfort zone in material innovation with our partners.

Ultimately, customers only need a product to function, so we are very conscious of maintaining or improving performance and functionality as we eliminate oil-based synthetics. We look at it on a case-by-case basis to ensure that we are doing what’s right for the product and for the customer.

Chhabra: How did the Icebreaker find this alternative material?

Smith: Being part of the VF Corporation brand family has been a huge advantage, because of the cross-brand collaboration. We have worked with and challenged some of the world’s leading chemical and yarn manufacturers. We have shared our ambitions with them and challenged them to help us innovate natural solutions. We’ve also collaborated with several innovative start-up materials companies exploring new natural sources of yarn and materials for apparel. Lastly, bio-synthetics is a growing area where we can make ingredients from sugar cane and castor oil instead of traditional oil-based synthetics. Many of these solutions are still in their infancy, but offer bright prospects for the future.


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Wheel talk: Berlin used shopping trolley – in pictures | Art and Design | Instant News

Having grown up in rural Switzerland, photographer Luca Ellena hit, after moving to Berlin, with lots of goods littering the city streets. He decided to take a picture of every trolley he saw and three years later he has over 600 drawings, the best of which were collected in his first book, Shopping business.

‘The waste of resources when the trolley is thrown away,’ he said, ‘and the way most people don’t even see it is, to me, a representation of our time.’


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FBR is eyeing waste of output to increase additional revenue of Rs15 billion | Instant News

KARACHI: The Federal Revenue Council (FBR) aims to generate up to Rs15 billion in additional sales tax revenue by setting limits on production waste announced by producers, officials said on Saturday.

To prohibit waste and treat it as a sale, FBR has put in place a rule whereby companies’ reported wastage of raw materials equates to average wastage in the sector concerned.

Officials say large entities engage in practices that claim a significant percentage of production wastes and in some cases claim as high as 40 percent.

Through the Finance Law, 2020, new amendments were introduced to the Sales Tax Law, 1990, in which the fixation of waste would be determined by sector.

FBR in a circular issued on August 6, 2020, stated, “The changes were made to remove the discretion of the jury officers and for similar treatment throughout the board regarding allowing / prohibiting input tax credits for input items wasted during normal business processes, as long as the credit exceed the benchmarks / limits set by FBR ”. FBR on October 1, 2020 issued SRO 938 (I) / 2020 to inform the rules for implementing sectoral fixation of waste.

As a rule, the FBR Input-Output Coefficient Organization (IOCO) has been mandated to improve the limits of waste for an economic sector. “Where the level of waste has been corrected and notified by the board [FBR] Under this rule, no registered person has the right to take input tax adjustments with respect to wasted input above and above the limit set and notified by the board, “the guidelines said.

A senior FBR official said at the time of budgeting for the 2020/21 fiscal year policymakers were expecting around Rs12-15 billion in additional revenue by streamlining this process.

FBR has detected a large variant of waste claimed by manufacturing companies in various sectors including tobacco, steel, vegetable oils, food, sugar, cement, pharmaceuticals etc., the official added. He further said the wastage claimed by some industrial issues was well above international benchmarks.

The entire exercise will help FBR reduce the size of the refund, he said.

“Once the benchmark for wastage is set, FBR can add waste to sales and subtract the same amount from the plaintiff’s refund amount,” the official added.

Zeeshan Merchant, President, Karachi Tax Bar Association (KTBA) said that it is almost impossible to compare waste because of the different production environments of different companies in the same sector.

“If FBR sets limits on waste for a particular sector, the implementation stage will be more difficult because companies from the same sector can use machines of different brands, origins and capacities,” he said, adding that such situations led to an increase. in litigation.


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‘Poisoning the Pacific’: New book detailing US military contamination of islands and seas | World News | Instant News

In 1968, Leroy Foster was a principal sergeant in the US Air Force, assigned to Anderson Air Force Base at Thrush, an island region of the United States in the Pacific. The day after he arrived on the island, he recalls being ordered to mix “diesel fuel with Agent Orange”, then spraying “by truck all over the base to kill any overgrowth in the forest”.

Before long, Foster developed serious skin complaints and eventually fell ill with Parkinson’s disease and ischemic heart disease. Later, her daughter developed cancer as a teenager, and her grandson was born with 12 fingers, 12 toes, and a heart whisper. Foster died in 2018.

A new book, Poisoning the Pacific, due for release Monday, tells of decades of US military contamination of indigenous lands in the Pacific as well as the oceans themselves, endangering lives and ecosystems across the vast Pacific Ocean.

Written by British journalist Jon Mitchell, Poisoning the Pacific is based on more than 12,000 pages of documents obtained under the US Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and through interviews with local residents, military veterans and researchers.

The book argues that for decades, the US has been treating it territory in the Pacific with neglect, allowing its military to violate customary rights, seize land, and destroy fragile ecosystems.

US military aircraft park at the Andersen Air Force base on the island of Guam, US Pacific Territory. Photo: Erik de Castro / Reuters

Alongside Foster’s case – after years of campaigning the aviator is finally compensated for his exposure on the island – Mitchell’s book details decades of US military operations that polluted the Pacific with toxic substances including radioactive waste, nerve agents, and dioxin-tainted Agent Orange. .

“US authorities have repeatedly tried to cover up the contamination through lies, disinformation and attacks on journalists,” Mitchell told The Guardian. “I have experienced this pressure firsthand.”

Mitchell’s books document several attempts by the US state and defense department to block his work. One FOIA file shows that Mitchell is being watched by the US Marine Corps’ Criminal Investigation Division. The documents include his photo, his biography, and a lecture he gave in Okinawa on military contamination.

“Colleagues warned me not to continue with my investigations. What particularly motivates me to continue filing for FOIA and extracting evidence is the very real impact my research has had on veterans exposed to Agent Orange in Okinawa, ”he said.

“My report has helped these sick men and women receive compensation from the US government. Investigative journalism is ultimately a job that is supposed to help people who have experienced persecution receive the justice they deserve. “

Poisoning the Pacific details the ongoing environmental damage and risks to human health.

The ‘dome’ on the island of Runit in the Marshall Islands – a compact sovereign nation in free relations with the US – is a large concrete grave where the US has stored more than 70,000 m3 radioactive debris, including plutonium-239, left over from US post-war atomic tests. Irradiated land from Nevada was also transported to the island and dumped.

The dome leaks radioactive material into the sea, USA energy department admitted, although it was said the numbers were not dangerous. Successive US governments have said the dome is the responsibility of the Marshall Islands, saying the US has paid more than $ 600 million in radiation-related resettlement, rehabilitation and health care costs to affected communities.

The book documents “the US Army dumped 29 million kilograms of mustard agents and neuroprotective agents, and 454 tonnes of radioactive waste” into the Pacific Ocean, as well as the US military’s use of neuroprotective agents, including sarin, which US government documents confirmation leaked to the neighborhood while scheduled for destruction at Johnston Atoll near Hawaii.

At nine locations stretching from Johnston Atoll in the Pacific to Edgewood, Maryland, the US Army stores 31,280 tonnes of mustard and the nerve agents sarin and VX.

At nine locations stretching from Johnston Atoll in the Pacific to Edgewood, Maryland, the US Army stores 31,280 tonnes of mustard and the nerve agents sarin and VX. Photo: Ronen Zilberman / AP

The debate over the use of a potentially lethal herbicide has been hotly debated.

After the second world war, some five thousand barrels of Agent Purple – the herbicide pioneer Agent Orange – were transported and stored on Guam.

Although the US defense department consistently claims herbicide stockpiles are never used on the island, service members stationed there at the time claim they sprayed and dumped military waste, including damaged herbicide barrels, on the cliffs of Guam.

Researchers, including Guam’s department of public health and social services, reported in 2015 that villages where the herbicide is believed to have been sprayed experienced a higher incidence of infant mortality from birth defects.

In 2017, investigating claims of herbicide use on Guam, the US government itself came into conflict: the the defense department reported that the soil test contained no herbicides, the environmental protection agency reported otherwise.

The health and environmental impacts on Guam reflect what has happened to local residents and US soldiers based in Okinawa, Japan, where the US has maintained a base for decades, and where Mitchell began reporting.

In 2005, the US struck a deal with Japan to transfer thousands of US marines from Okinawa to Guam. Okinawans consistently oppose the US military presence on the island citing harm to their health and environment.

There has been some progress, although limited. Guam senators have backed a bill to include the territory on the list of veterans’ places where Agent Orange is used. In March 2019, a bill that was named after Lonnie Kilpatrick, a service member who fell ill on Guam and died, agreed to compensation for 52,000 veterans who were exposed to herbicides in three US Pacific regions – Guam, American Samoa, and Johnston Atoll.

But even in 2020, the voices of indigenous peoples are consistently muted, Mitchell said. In July, the time when military excavations on Guam were revealed dozens of sites containing human remains and cultural artifacts, local residents – especially the indigenous Chamorro – were shocked. But despite concerns fueling a growing movement to demilitarize the Pacific, the US’s newest marine corps base – the first new base in nearly 70 years – officially opened the door earlier this month.


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PCIC decided to launch a project to generate electricity from waste in Karachi | Instant News

Sindh Chief Minister Syed Murad Ali Shah, who chaired the second meeting of the Provincial Coordination & Implementation Committee (PCIC) on Friday, decided to launch a waste-to-electricity project in Karachi for which the necessary steps would be taken at the earliest.

The meeting was attended by provincial ministers Nasir Shah and Awais Qadir Shah, Karachi Corps Commander Humayun Aziz, Main Secretary Mumtaz Ali Shah, GOC Major General Karachi Aqeel, P & D Chair Muhammad Waseem, PSCM Sajid jamal Abro, Karachi Iftikhar Shallwani Administrator, Commissioner Sohail Rajput, Transport Secretary Shariq Ahmed, Regional Government Secretary Najam Shah, Managing Director of KWSB Asadullah and others.

The issue of removing garbage from Karachi was discussed at the meeting which stated that of the 15 waste removal posts, only six were operating. The meeting agreed on the resurrection or reconstruction of six more waste removal posts.

The meeting was informed that the TPA will be filled soon; therefore, a power plant might be installed to consume the waste collected from the city. Generating electricity from garbage not only burns garbage but also saves landfills.

The meeting decided to draw up a plan to generate electricity from the waste collected from the city at the earliest. Companies interested in the project can be invited to submit their proposals.

Storm drains

The meeting was told that the survey of the five nullah (rainwater channels) had been completed. Gujjar Nullah is 13.5 kilometers long by 210 feet wide as per the master plan, and 5,961 households, 41,581 individuals and 2,412 commercial units were erected along its embankments.

The Orangi Nullah are 12.5 kilometers long, and 100 to 150 feet wide, and 4,480 households, 27,000 individual settlements and 380 factories were erected along the embankments. Likewise, Mahmoodabad Nullah is 4.1 kilometers long, 100-200 feet wide, and has 1,049 households, 5,900 individual settlements and 156 commercial settlements along its embankments.

The Malir River is 30 kilometers long and 1,700-2,000 meters wide, and has 1,996 households, and 12,336 settlements / encroachments. The Lyari River is the longest river with a length of 50 kilometers, and a width of 300-500 feet according to the master plan.

The meeting was informed that the NED University of Engineering & Technology is conducting a survey with a frame of reference to analyze the width and capacity of 44 major rainwater channels in the city, a survey of nullahs with a number of physical structures, and mapping with the aid of drones and outlines of encroached land . During the meeting it was informed that the survey of the five prophets had been completed and that other work would be completed on November 15, 2020.

Technical studies

In Phase-II, a hydrological and hydraulic modeling survey of the drainage system will be carried out.

Under the survey, de-marking the existing drainage network, modeling tools for measuring the expected flow in the area, the cross-sectional details of the nullahs that will be used to assess the section capacity to meet the flow will be carried out. .

The chief minister said an ideal cross section would be proposed for each water channel based on terrain and flow models for current and future improvements, and a best management plan for the drainage network to reduce the risk of urban flooding would be prepared.

Green line

The meeting discussed a proposal to purchase electric buses for the Green Line Bus Rapid Transit System being built in Karachi. The bus may be operated by a private operator. The meeting also established a schedule for various tasks for project completion, including KMC’s repair of 106 roads.


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