Published: May 24, 2020 1:18:40 p.m.
Schizophrenia as a disorder holds a variety of symptoms and signs that are expressed differently in patients and also differently during the course of the disease. May 24 was observed as World Schizophrenia Day. The usual age of onset for adult schizophrenia is 15 to 25 years although it can be seen at the age of 5 years. However, childhood onset schizophrenia (COS) is a rare condition with onset before age 13, which continues to increase through adolescence and reaches a peak in early adult life. According to a recent National Mental Health Survey (2015-2016) conducted by NIMHANS, the prevalence of Schizophrenia in the Indian population is 0.5 percent for now and 1.4 percent for lifetime experience.
What is schizophrenia and how is it identified?
The most common symptom]is:
* Remaining alone, losing interest, aimlessly and social withdrawal.
* Muttering and smiling to yourself.
* Interference with thinking and perception in the form of delusions, hallucinations and unusual bodily sensations.
* They may also have persistent delusions that are culturally inappropriate and unreasonable, such as religious or political identity or superhuman strength and abilities, or that they are being talked about, followed and followed, spied on by several agents.
* They might hear a sound or see a picture, which in reality might not exist.
* Irrelevant or incoherent speeches.
* They may feel that their thoughts are broadcast on television and the internet, their minds are drawn by external forces, or they may not recognize their thoughts as their own, as if inserted from the outside
* Inappropriate and blunt effects, irregular and disorganized speech and behavior
* Inability to maintain daily living activities, poor self-care and poor hygiene decreases sleep and impaired appetite and abusive behavior (mostly in response to sounds and suspicions)
Not every individual with schizophrenia can show all the symptoms mentioned above.
How do you adjust the conditions?
Schizophrenia is purely a psychiatric illness that requires immediate management and consultation with a psychiatrist is advised. There are standard interview techniques and screening steps for patients and mental health professionals who are trained exclusively in that regard.
“Family members and other important people can help by first bringing an individual with these symptoms to a mental health professional, for psychiatric consultation, as early as possible rather than bringing them to a faithful healer. This change occurs due to various factors where the main cause is an imbalance of neurotransmitters which can only be managed through the right and timely medicine. In addition, this change in behavior is due to a neurochemical imbalance and should not be seen as character defects or assigned to possess. In addition, they must not try to improve individual behavior or may argue with them because they are not in the state to understand right from wrong. This might make them even more nervous. In addition, family members must try to maintain a stress free environment around them because stress can worsen symptoms, “said Dr. Venkatesh Babu GM, Consultant Psychiatrist, Fortis Hospital, Fortis Hospital, Bengaluru.
Is Schizophrenia a lifelong suffering? Is there a cure? If not treated, what happens?
Schizophrenia is a syndrome with multifactorial etiological and unlike diseases (for example malaria, typhus etc.), there is no cure. Management goals are symptom resolution and recurrence prevention. Previously the onset of intervention and shorter duration of untreated psychosis (DUP); better results.
Can someone with schizophrenia lead a normal life?
Yes, people who suffer schizophrenia is undergoing routine treatment and adhere to medication can live a normal life. They can continue their studies, make friends, maintain relationships, and have a successful work life. These people can choose to get married and fulfill the roles and obligations of married life as long as they undergo routine treatment to remain symptom free. Because marriage is a significant life event that brings many changes in a person’s life, with a good family support system and self-readiness about the possible effects of stress, they can fulfill the marriage life.
“Schizophrenia is a clinical condition“As with diabetes and hypertension, the target is symptom management, the need to maintain routine treatment, proper sleep cycles and a stress free atmosphere is a must,” Akanksha Pandey, Consultant Clinical Psychologist, Fortis Hospital, Bengaluru.
Are people with schizophrenia dangerous to those around them?
“People who suffer Schizophrenia Exhibition aggression is largely due to hallucinations (hearing voices talking about them, threatening them or ordering them), delusions (persecution in nature) and distorted ego boundaries that undermine their judgments about reality. Thus, people with schizophrenia are not harmful to society but they can potentially endanger themselves or others – both known and unknown as a consequence of their abnormal psychic experiences, “Dr. Venkatesh Babu.
Because of a lack of awareness about mental illness, common people can feel the threat from their actions and more because of social mismatches in their behavior. It’s better not to be aggressive towards them, call their names or openly criticize them. Instead the empathy approach proved to be more promising.
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