Tag Archives: WSJ-PRO-NP

Indigenous Australians are Skeptical About Covid-19 Vaccines, and They’re Hard to Reach | Instant News


SYDNEY – To reach indigenous clans in northern Australia, vaccinators must pass through monsoon rains which can make airplanes and waterways infested with crocodiles. Once they reach the community, they face another formidable challenge in convincing the group to take fire.

First Nations like the people of East Arnhem Land – more than 600 miles by road from the nearby city of Darwin and bastions of traditional Aboriginal culture – are next in line Australian vaccination program which started last month and focuses on prioritizing health and other workers on the front lines to keep Covid-19 out of the country.

In many ways, vaccination programs are a litmus test for countries with large indigenous groups who feel marginalized and distrust government policies. Nearly 150,000 indigenous Australians lived in remote areas in 2016, according to the latest available government data. In East Arnhem Land, the life expectancy is around 50 years and half of Aboriginal children experience severe hearing, lung or other health problems by age 4.

“What we hear now is probably 50-75% going to say no,” said Eddie Mulholland, chief executive of Miwatj Health Aboriginal Corp., an indigenous community controlled primary health service for about 8,000 people across East Arnhem Land.

Concern rose among indigenous Australians after it was reported rare cases of blood clots in people in Europe who have received the Covid-19 injection developed by AstraZeneca PLC and the University of Oxford, although regulators have found no link between blood clots and vaccines and recommend continued use.

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Olympic Torch Relay Kicks Off Tokyo Summer Games | Instant News


Japan is holding the kickoff ceremony for the Summer Olympics by starting Olympic torch relay across the country. It was a symbolic message that the Olympics would go ahead despite public doubts and curbs on the impending pandemic blocking overseas audiences of attending.

The torches will be carried across Japan’s 47 prefectures or states by some 10,000 runners, skiers, swimmers and others, before being taken to the Olympic stadium in Tokyo on July 23 for the opening ceremony. The Olympics delayed by one year because coronavirus pandemic.

“Of course, the relay alone will not solve all the challenges we face, but I hope this successful event will make everyone believe in the steps we have taken to ensure we can host the Olympics despite the pandemic,” said the Chief Executive Officer. Tokyo 2020 Toshiro Muto.

The relay starts near the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant, where three reactors melted in 2011. Event organizers want the relay and the Olympics to be seen as a sign of recovery from massive earthquake, tsunami and nuclear destruction in northern Japan. Thousands of people remain unable to return to their homes near the power plant.

The relay is the main test on whether the Olympics can be held without exacerbating the pandemic in Japan, where new coronavirus cases are slowly starting to rise again following the third wave of infections. Relay organizers have asked the public to follow the show on television and live streaming, and said they would suspend if too many people gathered to watch it.

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Credit Suisse Booked Losses Despite Encouraging Investment Bank | Instant News


Credit Suisse Group AG said a strong start to the first quarter boosted its growth ambitions this year large legal fees and impairment pushing it to a fourth quarter loss.

The Swiss bank reported a loss of 353 million Swiss francs Thursday, the equivalent of $ 393 million, for the fourth quarter. Analysts estimated the loss to be around 566 million Swiss francs.

Even in a difficult year, Credit Suisse fared better than many European rivals as its loans in Switzerland and the global wealthy were caught in the pandemic. Together with Wall Street competitors, his investment bank booked additional fees from clients trading in the volatile market last year and from companies that raised capital or needed deal advice.

On Thursday, it said the investment banking arm experienced a more than fivefold jump in pretax profit to $ 318 million in the fourth quarter, with the largest revenue contribution coming from helping companies increase their equity and bond financing.

Fourth quarter profit before tax also rose in Credit Suisse Asia-Pacific division, by 18% to 237 million Swiss francs, while revenue and profit before tax fell at Swiss banks and international wealth management units.

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China’s Coal War With Australia’s Domestic Fuel Shortage | Instant News


HONG KONG – China Australian coal import ban is intensifying the crisis in the coal market, which is battling price hikes, shortages of supply, conflicting policy objectives, and a cold winter.

Locked in a diplomatic fights on Canberra’s call independent global investigation to the origins of Covid-19Beijing imposed an unofficial ban around September that forced Australian coal ships to languish at sea. China’s central government imposed a formal embargo at a mid-December meeting with China’s main power producers, which are big buyers of thermal coal.

The ban complicates a supply crisis that the meeting had to resolve, according to government reports and state media. China is short on thermal coal and officials are urging companies to import more – from anywhere but Australia, China’s biggest supplier. To meet this, buyers in China have to pay a high premium for imports from distant places, in addition to prices which have increased 84% since mid-year.

“Coal buyers are nervous about the import market,” the China Coal Transport and Distribution Association, which represents importers, said in a statement. “It is difficult to replenish low coal supplies and shortages, while demand continues.”

From Norwegian salmon to Mongolian commodities, Beijing has in recent years increasingly used the weight of Chinese purchases to apply political pressure abroad – but the coal market shows that this strategy could backfire. Even when Chinese buyers comply with Beijing, Australian coal prices strengthen as other buyers from major coal consuming countries, including Japan and India, step in.

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In Covid-Era Travel Scam, Scammers Offer Fake Test Results | Instant News



In many parts of the world, travelers are required to test negative for Covid-19 before boarding a flight, but a number of recent arrests suggest not all results will be genuine. Indonesian, French and British authorities claim to have arrested the supplier of falsified coronavirus tests. “As long as travel restrictions remain in place due to the Covid-19 situation, it is highly likely that the production and sale of bogus test certificates will prevail,” said Europol, the EU police agency European this month. Allegations of Covid-19 test fraud are growing around the world. A man was arrested outside London Luton Airport in late January in connection with the sale of fake Covid-19 test certificates. In November, French authorities arrested seven people for selling false certificates to travelers at Charles de Gaulle airport near Paris. Police first learned of the fraud after discovering a passenger with a fake certificate on a flight to Addis Ababa in Ethiopia. After the arrests, police found more than 200 fake certificates on suspects’ phones, which allowed people to steal abroad, according to French prosecutors. Airports in Paris and Singapore, as well as airlines like United and JetBlue, are experimenting with apps that verify travelers are not Covid before boarding. The WSJ goes to an airport in Rome to see how a digital health passport works. Photo credit: AOKpass At the end of January, police in the Indonesian capital, Jakarta, said they had arrested eight people allegedly involved in a scam to sell fabricated negative test results to travelers. That month, Indonesian authorities arrested 15 people in a separate program, accusing them of offering false results for around $ 70 each. Police said a former employee of the health office at the city’s Soekarno-Hatta International Airport got hold of an electronic copy of a negative test certificate and, from October, the used to print about 20 forged test results per day. In the Philippines, a government research institute affiliated with the health department warned last month that people posing as its employees were selling fake Covid-19 test results. SHARE YOUR THOUGHTS What solutions could be implemented to ensure the authenticity of a Covid-19 test before traveling? Join the conversation below. Taiwan banned Indonesian migrant workers in December, saying it couldn’t trust the country’s Covid-19 test results. Earlier that month, four-fifths of Indonesian workers who provided Taiwanese authorities with test results showing they were not infected with the virus then tested positive for Covid-19 after being sampled in Taiwan . “These reports are increasingly inaccurate,” Chen Shih-chung, Taiwan’s health minister, said in December. “We really have no idea what kinds of problems they are having.” The Indonesian government agency that deals with the affairs of migrant workers has said it will step up monitoring of migrant workers’ tests to avoid false tests. The potential for fraud is pervasive in a patchwork of international travel restrictions that were enacted during the pandemic. “The results of the paper tests are not only available in different formats and languages, but they can also be easily manipulated,” said Albert Tjoeng, spokesperson for the International Air Transport Association, which represents around 290 airlines in the world. He said check-in officers should “try to determine the authenticity of several non-standard test documents that passengers present to them.” The problem has no simple solution. Some governments have warned against action. Singapore, for example, says travelers who produce fake test certificates will face restrictions on their ability to reside in the city-state in the future, while the Chinese government has warned of “liability. legal ”. Receive a coronavirus briefing six days a week and a weekly health newsletter once the crisis subsides: sign up here. CommonPass, a project supported by the nonprofit The Commons Project Foundation, where each country will be invited to share their testing and vaccination requirements for travelers, as well as the names of facilities to which authorities are trusted to administer Covid-19 tests. Designated facilities will then enter travelers’ Covid-19 testing and vaccination information into data systems accessible by CommonPass, allowing individuals to share that data with airlines and border authorities. “It’s a way to efficiently issue a certificate – a digital certificate, like a test certificate or vaccination record – but in a tamper-proof manner,” said Paul Meyer, general manager of the Commons project. This month, a passenger presents documents at a Covid-19 test center in the arrivals area of ​​Charles de Gaulle airport. In November, French authorities arrested seven people for selling false certificates to travelers at the airport. Photo: christophe archambault / Agence France-Presse / Getty Images The CommonPass was tested on several international flights last year, and Project Commons says it is coordinating its efforts with more than 20 governments. IATA says it is also developing a mobile app, called the IATA Travel Pass, which will allow passengers to share test results with authorities in a way the association says will make traveling with bogus nearly impossible. documents. But getting all countries to accept the same digital passes is a challenge, creating obstacles in an already difficult travel regime. “Without the ability to trust Covid-19 tests – and possibly vaccine registries – across international borders, many countries will feel pressured to maintain comprehensive travel bans and mandatory quarantines for as long as the pandemic persists.” said Bradley Perkins, Project Commons chief medical officer and a former director of strategy and innovation at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. —Lekai Liu and Sam Schechner contributed to this article. Write to Jon Emont at [email protected] Copyright © 2020 Dow Jones & Company, Inc. All rights reserved. 87990cbe856818d5eddac44c7b1cdeb8.



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