(CNN) – They had traveled hundreds and thousands of miles between them, but explorer Blair Niles and former spy Marguerite Harrison were disappointed to learn they were not fit to join the Explorers Club . were banned from membership because the club, founded in 1904, did not admit women. In fact, its president, Roy Chapman Andrews, would go on to say that “women are not suited to exploration” while speaking to female students in New York. Barnard College in 1932. Niles, who had previously been on an expedition to Asia, and Harrison, America’s first female foreign intelligence agent, decide to expand their network after discussing their frustrations over lunch. economic Gertrude Shelby and journalist Gertrude Emerson, who had led an expedition to Asia, for tea and at the end of their meeting, the four women had agreed to start their own club. In 1925, the quartet founded the Society of Women Geographers so that women explorers like themselves could come together and share their experiences. While membership was not restricted to explorers, those who joined were to be “women who joined. really did things, “according to a letter Harrison wrote to explorer Harriet Chalmers Adams, the company’s first president. In the nearly 100 years that followed, the list of esteemed names on her records membership included such figures as human rights activist and former first lady Eleanor Roosevelt, primatologist Jane Goodall and anthropologist Margaret Mead.Breaking barriers Explorer Blair Niles was one of the founding members of the Society of Woman Geographers.AlamyJayne Zanglein, professor at Western Carolina University, examines the history of the Society of Women Geographers in her new book “The Girl Explorers,” which highlights some of the history of the Society of Women Geographers. As well as its most famous members and the barriers they have broken down. “This group of women paved the way for women today,” Zanglein told CNN Travel. “Not just in terms of travel, but in terms of fighting for injustice and equality.” We must examine and applaud these women for their achievements at a time when travel was so difficult and they were discriminated against by men and by the media. “Zanglein first discovered the company during a trip to Asia in 2016 and began researching its members, some of whom had been pretty much forgotten by the world, upon his return.” A lot of people back then thought women were more reckless than men, “she explains.” They joked that if a man saw a lion he would be careful, but a woman would say: “Oh, isn’t that cute?” “Then trouble would start because the men would have to save a reckless woman.” One of the recurring themes of the book is the downplaying of the achievements of female geographers, especially in the early 19th century. Zanglein details the frustrations of explorers, who were often not credited for their work on the expeditions, while reporters continually asked questions about their makeup rather than their significant accomplishments. “The challenge they faced, besides exclusion, was isolation,” Zanglein says. “Because they had no way of connecting with each other before the company.” Marguerite Harrison was once a prisoner in Lubyanka Prison in Russia and they [reporters] asked him questions about love interests. However, the author notes that attractive women were sometimes used to generate advertising for travel expeditions. Niles’ former husband, ornithologist and marine biologist William Beebe, was reprimanded by the Bronx Zoo for sending countless images “He knew that if you put these pictures of women in the newspaper, the donations would come in and people would start funding expeditions,” Zanglein says. Amelia Earhart was an early member of the society and the recipient of her first-ever gold medal Getty Images / Getty Images Aviation pioneer Amelia Earhart, arguably the most famous member of society, has often toned down her accomplishments for “seem less of a threat. “When invited to join the company, Earhart, who had flown around the world as a passenger and published her 1928 book” 20 hours, 40 min “by th” I am very honored but I doubt my qualifications, ”she told members of the company.“ However, if the other members support me for a while, I will try to fill in the gaps. ”Earhart, also a member of the National Women’s Party and the An early supporter of the Equal Rights Amendment, would go on to become the first woman to cross the Atlantic solo non-stop, an occasion the company marked by awarding her its first-ever gold medal She disappeared with navigator Fred Noonan in an attempt to become the first woman to perform a round-the-world flight in 1937 and was officially pronounced dead 18 months later. ”She was charming in that she did not take praise and credit for herself, but rather for all women, ”says Zanglein. “It made her very lovable.” His life, or his death, is shrouded in mystery. People love to speculate on what happened to him. “Mountaineer Annie Smith Peck, the third woman in history to climb the Matterhorn is also featured in” Girl Explorers “, as is World War I nurse and author Ellen La Motte, who recounted her experiences . in the 1916 book of essays “The Backwash of War.” The stories of sculptor Malvina Hoffman, known for her life-size bronze sculptures, and geographer Helen Candee, one of the Titanic survivors, are also covered. “These women were not of diversity in the restrictive sense that we sometimes use the word today to refer to the inclusion of people of color,” Zanglein writes in the author’s note. “Most of the early members were white. But they were diverse in other respects: socio-economic status, level of education, occupation, sexual orientation, marital status, ethnicity and nationality. Pioneer Women Sylvia Earle, a legendary marine biologist who led the first team of female aquanauts. APA According to Zanglein, the women supported each other tremendously and some trained other members and always gave each other practical advice. intrigued by everyone in society, Zanglein felt a particularly strong bond with Niles, who was born on a plantation in Staunton, Va. and “came to be an advocate for blacks and gays.” Book of Niles “Sentenced to Devil’s Island, “a fictional account of the escapes of a real prisoner she had met during a visit to Devil’s The Island’s penal colony originated in the 1929 Hollywood film” Condemned. “The Explorer went on to write “Black Haiti,” based on the slave revolt in Haiti, and “Strange Brother,” the first fictitious “I fell in love with Blair,” Zanglein admits. “The Girl Explorers” refers to various materials from the d The early 19th century with representations of race that are quite shocking to read today. Although some members of society clearly shared the racial prejudices of the time, Niles, with Moffat and Zonia Baber, a professor who devoted “I think there is probably a correlation between people who choose to travel and being broad and open-minded,” Zanglein adds. “That sense of wonder that you get when traveling and wanting to know more about others has certainly made them feel [the early society members] more open-minded, but not all were. “Modern relevance Primatologist Jane Goodall is one of the most popular members of society today. CBS / Getty Images Although she came up with the concept for the book years ago, Zanglein is grateful for its release” This What impressed me most about the early members of society was that they had compassion for people of all races and nationalities, ”she says.“ I think this will resonate with readers. today because it is published at a time when Americans have become more divisive and less tolerant. The Explorers Club admitted its first female members in 1981, nearly 60 years after the founding of the Society of Women Geographers. While Zanglein acknowledges that the original club has ‘come full circle’ over the years, and celebrates maintaining the achievements of women from all walks of life, the Society of Women Geographers is as strong as ever. The author was recently approved as the th of its newest members after a strict application process in which a committee scrutinized suitability. To be accepted, potential applicants must demonstrate “professional achievement in a wide range of disciplines contributing to geographic knowledge and experiences in international travel or expeditions.” Zanglein believes the company is still as relevant today It was in 1925, when Niles, Harrison, and their friends discussed their breaks over tea in a New York apartment. to tell their stories, exchange travel tips and support each other outside of the presence of men, ”she explains, noting that the Los Angeles Adventurers’ Club still does not admit women. in trades that require movement in male strongholds, there will be a need for society. “.
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