Set on July 6, Global 2020 Human Rights Sanction Regulations are secondary laws based on Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Law 2018. The new human rights law imposes sanctions on actions “to obstruct, and provide responsibility for, activities which, if carried out by or on behalf of a State within the territory of that State, would constitute serious violations by that State of a country. individual rights to life; the right not to experience torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment; the right to be free from slavery, not to be slaves or required to do forced or compulsory labor. “
“This innovative global regime” means that Britain has new power “to stop those involved in serious human rights violations and violations from entering the country, channeling money through British banks, or taking advantage of our economy,” said the British government . The new regime will target individuals and organizations, unlike conventional geographical sanctions regimes, which only target countries. This can also include those who commit unlawful killings committed against journalists and media workers, or violations and violations motivated on the basis of religion or belief.
The special unit will consider the use of sanctions in the future, with teams in all departments monitoring human rights issues. Targets under the regime must meet “strict legal tests” before the UK decides to appoint, “ensuring strong and strong sanctions,” the British government said.
This new set of actions can also apply to those who “facilitate, incite, promote or support these violations / violations, as well as those who benefit financially from violations and human rights violations,” added the government. “The UK will continue to use various tools to deal with serious human rights violations and violations throughout the world, including the UN and EU multilateral sanctions regime.”
The first wave of sanctions
With the enactment of the new regulations, UK Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab announced the first wave of appointments under the new regime, sanctions 47 individuals and two organizations involved in “some of the worst human rights violations in recent memory,” Raab said. “This is a demonstration of the United Kingdom’s global commitment to act as a force for good in the world.”
Sanctions announced under this new regime are targeted:
- 25 Russian citizens involved in the persecution and death of auditor Sergei Magnitsky, who exposed Russia’s widespread corruption by a group of Russian tax officials and police;
- 20 Saudi citizens involved in the death of journalist Jamal Khashoggi;
- Two high-ranking Myanmar military generals involved in systematic and brutal violence against Rohingyas and other ethnic minorities; and
- Two organizations involved in forced labor, torture and killings took place in North Korea’s gulag.
This marks the first time the UK has imposed sanctions on individuals or entities for violations and violations of human rights under the special British regime. The regime will allow Britain to work independently with allies, including the United States, Canada, Australia and the European Union.
In a statement introducing a new regime, Raab said the new law would ensure that an appropriate process would be followed in relation to the appointment, as mandated under 2018 Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering. In practice, the appointed individual would be able to ask the minister to review the decision and challenge decision in court.
As a matter of due diligence, the government will review all appointments at least every three years. It also publishes a policy paper, outlining how the government will consider appointment based on new regulations.
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