What’s a uric acid take a look at?
This take a look at measures the quantity of uric acid in your blood or urine. Uric acid is a traditional waste product that is made when the physique breaks down chemical substances referred to as purines. Purines are substances present in your individual cells and in addition in some meals. Meals with excessive ranges of purines embrace liver, anchovies, sardines, dried beans, and beer.
Most uric acid dissolves in your blood, then goes to the kidneys. From there, it leaves the physique by your urine. In case your physique makes an excessive amount of uric acid or would not launch sufficient into your urine, it may possibly make crystals that type in your joints. This situation is called gout. Gout is a type of arthritis that causes painful irritation in and across the joints. Excessive uric acid ranges may also trigger different problems, together with kidney stones and kidney failure.
Different names: serum urate, uric acid: serum and urine
What’s it used for?
A uric acid take a look at is most frequently used to:
- Assist diagnose gout
- Assist discover the reason for frequent kidney stones
- Monitor the uric acid stage of individuals present process sure most cancers remedies. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy could cause excessive ranges of uric acid to enter the blood.
Why do I want a uric acid take a look at?
You may additionally want a uric acid take a look at when you’ve got signs of gout. These embrace:
- Ache and/or swelling within the joints, particularly within the massive toe, ankle, or knee
- Reddish, shiny pores and skin across the joints
- Joints that really feel heat when touched
You may additionally want this take a look at when you’ve got signs of a kidney stone. These embrace:
As well as, chances are you’ll want this take a look at if you’re present process chemotherapy or radiation remedy for most cancers. These remedies can elevate uric acid ranges. The take a look at may also help be sure you get handled earlier than ranges get too excessive.
What occurs throughout a uric acid take a look at?
A uric acid take a look at might be performed as a blood take a look at or a urine take a look at.
Throughout a blood take a look at, a well being care skilled will take a blood pattern from a vein in your arm, utilizing a small needle. After the needle is inserted, a small quantity of blood might be collected right into a take a look at tube or vial. You could really feel just a little sting when the needle goes in or out. This normally takes lower than 5 minutes.
For a uric acid urine take a look at, you will want to gather all urine handed in a 24-hour interval. That is referred to as a 24-hour urine pattern take a look at. Your well being care supplier or a laboratory skilled gives you a container to gather your urine and directions on learn how to accumulate and retailer your samples. A 24-hour urine pattern take a look at usually consists of the next steps:
- Empty your bladder within the morning and flush that urine away. Document the time.
- For the following 24 hours, save all of your urine handed within the container offered.
- Retailer your urine container within the fridge or a cooler with ice.
- Return the pattern container to your well being supplier’s workplace or the laboratory as instructed.
Will I must do something to arrange for the take a look at?
You do not want any particular preparations for a uric acid blood take a look at. Be sure you fastidiously observe all of the directions for offering a 24-hour urine pattern.
Are there any dangers to the take a look at?
There isn’t a identified danger to having a uric acid blood or urine take a look at.
What do the outcomes imply?
In case your blood take a look at outcomes present excessive uric acid ranges, it may possibly imply you could have:
- Kidney disease
- Preeclampsia, a situation that may trigger dangerously hypertension in pregnant girls
- A weight-reduction plan that features too many purine-rich meals
- Unwanted effects from most cancers therapy
Low ranges of uric acid in blood are unusual and never normally trigger for concern.
In case your urine take a look at outcomes present excessive uric ranges, it could imply you could have:
Low ranges of uric acid in urine is usually a signal of kidney illness, lead poisoning, or heavy alcohol use.
There are remedies that may cut back or elevate uric acid ranges. These embrace medicines and/or dietary adjustments. If in case you have questions on your outcomes and/or remedies, discuss to your well being care supplier.
Is there the rest I must learn about a uric acid take a look at?
Some individuals with excessive uric acid ranges do not have gout or different kidney problems. You could not want therapy if you do not have signs of illness. However make sure you discuss to your well being care supplier if you’re involved about your uric acid ranges, and/or in the event you begin to have any signs.